The EDPB considers that the application of the GDPR in the first 5 and a half years has been successful. During its latest plenary, the EDPB adopted its contribution to the European Commission’s report on the application of the GDPR. While a number of important challenges lie ahead, the EDPB considers it premature to revise the GDPR at this point in time and calls on the co-legislators to swiftly adopt the new Regulation laying down additional procedural rules relating to the cross-border enforcement of the GDPR. In addition, the EDPB stresses that the DPAs and the EDPB need sufficient resources to continue carrying out their tasks.
EDPB Chair Anu Talus said: “The GDPR has strengthened, modernised and harmonised data protection principles across the EU. The EDPB guidance played a key role in making individuals and businesses aware of their rights and responsibilities under the GDPR. We will keep on supporting the implementation of the GDPR in particular by SMEs, and more generally raising awareness of the GDPR. In addition, cooperation among DPAs and enforcement of the GDPR has gained momentum. More than ever, the EDPB is committed to ensure effective and consistent enforcement of the GDPR.”
The EDPB has consolidated its position as the EU body in charge of ensuring the consistent application of the GDPR, making use of the full set of instruments at its disposal. It has built a comprehensive library of guidance documents to help promote compliance among controllers and processors and consistent enforcement by DPAs. In addition, it has supplied a framework for the practical application of compliance tools such as codes of conduct and certification mechanisms, which has enabled them to become operational in a consistent manner across the EU. Furthermore, the EDPB has aptly played its unique role in settling disputes in cross-border cases, thereby ensuring the consistent application of the GDPR.
Regarding enforcement, the EDPB is convinced that effective and efficient cooperation between DPAs leads to a common data protection culture. The existing tools in the GDPR have the potential to achieve this goal, provided that they are used in a sufficiently harmonised way.
The EDPB and the DPAs will continue their efforts to further enhance enforcement cooperation and to achieve more efficient and consistent results within the current legal framework.
Given the importance of streamlining national procedural rules, the EDPB submitted in October 2022 a ‘wish list’ to the European Commission, on procedural aspects that could be harmonised at EU level. The EDPB-EDPS joint opinion of 19 September 2023 on the Proposal for a Regulation laying down additional procedural rules relating to the enforcement of the GDPR, welcomed that the proposal aims to foster effective enforcement of data protection rules and intends to give effect to many of the suggestions contained in the ‘EDPB wish list’; it also made a number of recommendations to ensure the greatest possible efficiency of this upcoming Regulation.
Moreover, the EDPB calls on Member States to make sure that all DPAs have the necessary resources to carry out their tasks effectively, as there are considerable challenges ahead. First and foremost, the continuously evolving technological landscape presents new data protection challenges every day. New legislation is also considered or has been introduced, providing additional rules to create a safer digital space and to establish a level playing field for businesses in the digital economy, such as the DMA, the DSA, the DGA or the proposal for an AI Act. These new legislations may place additional responsibilities on DPAs or the EDPB with regard to enforcement and supervision. However, there is a discrepancy between this increasing workload, and the available resources. In addition, both the EDPB’s and DPAs’ tasks under the GDPR continue at an increased intensity. Moreover, increased enforcement cooperation among DPAs, which in turn leads to higher involvement of the EDPB, has had a significant impact on the workload. The success in the performance of these tasks relies largely on the resources available to the DPAs and to the EDPB, including via its Secretariat. It is therefore essential to ensure that the EDPB Secretariat is provided with the necessary resources, as it plays a key role in the preparation and execution of many of the tasks entrusted to the EDPB.
Regarding international transfers, the EDPB underlines the importance of continuing to develop adequacy decisions with third countries and international organisations, and expects the Commission to finalise its work on the review of the adequacy decisions adopted under Directive 95/46/EC.
In addition, the EDPB encourages the Commission to continue developing international cooperation and stresses the importance of effective enforcement cooperation with third countries.
During the plenary, the EDPB also held a general discussion on the ‘pay or ok’ model. It was decided that a request for mandate for guidelines on this topic will be prepared.
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